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Passive House Standard

Benchmarked building efficiency

Free of condensation, damp and mould at 17°+

Passive House requires all surfaces within the building envelope to remain above 17° Celsius without any input from the heating system. 17° is the dew point of water. As a result all Passive houses are free of condensation and resultant mould.


Triple glazed windows have excellent sound insulation qualities making Passive House an ideal choice for noisy locations that were previously deemed unsuitable for housing.

Go off-grid with renewables

Passivhaus is so efficient that it is possible to go off-grid with Heat Pumps and Solar Panels.

Uniform comfortable temperature

The MVHR system ensures that heat is spread evenly throughout the house. Triple glazed windows are free of any cold radiant effect. You can comfortably sit next to them in mid-winter.

Reduced heat demand = smaller heating system

The heating system in a Passive House is typically 1/4 the size of an that in an equivalent building.

High standard = low maintenance

Passive House is much more rigorous than traditional building. As a result the house will require less maintenance and repairs over time.

  • Passive House principles

    Passive House delivers comfortable low energy consumption buildings that perform as designed. Its creation was led by building physicist Wolfgang Feist as a modern approach to reducing energy demand. It is a rigorous benchmarked standard and is fast becoming the world-leading approach in environmentally friendly housing. There are around 40,000 Passive houses in the Europe, around 500 of which are in the UK.

    Passive House takes a holistic multi-strand approach to building design and construction. It strives to achieve high efficiency in several areas to reduce overall consumption. It supersedes all UK planning and building regulations, locking in low energy bills and protection from energy cost inflation. The average heating bill for a 2 bedroom Passivhaus is £50 per year.

    Passive houses don’t necessarily look different from houses we are used to. Their comfort and energy performance puts them in a class above existing housing stock.

    Fabric Firstpassivhaus-insulation-small

    Passive houses are wrapped in insulation. Several materials will be layered to provide excellent performance for the lowest cost and narrowest width. Materials will be carefully selected for the required breathability and weather-tightness of their intended location within the building.

    passivhaus-thermal-bridge-diagram-smallThermal Bridge Free Design

    Thermal bridges are building elements that transfer heat from within the building envelope to the unheated exterior. In the example shown, heat from inside the building is bridged to the exterior through uninsulated contact with a structural element inside the wall. Other examples could include an uninsulated window frame or a structural timber that portrudes to the exterior of the building. These function as heat sinks, drawing heat out of the building day and night causing high heating bills. Most traditional buildings have thermal bridges as they were not considered during the building design process until fairly recently. Remedying them usually requires extensive building work.passivhaus-thermal-bridge-small

    In the Passive House example to the right, the thermal bridge has been designed out, ensuring the building’s jacket of insulation wraps around the thermal bridge, isolating it from heat or cold.

    passivhaus-mvhr-smallMechanical Ventilation With Heat Recovery (MVHR)

    MVHR recycles the heat within your building while ensuring a constant supply of fresh oxygen to every room. It filters pollen and toxins from the air. It works silently in the background to move passive heat generated in the kitchen and bathroom to the rest of the house. An MVHR system rated at 30W consumption will recycle approximately 270W of heat from the air.

    passivhaus-diagram-smallMVHR does not perform in draughty buildings. Passive houses require an airtightness of 0.6 air changes per hour or less. This is ten times less draughty than UK building regulations require!

    Triple Glazed Windows With Insulated Frames

    passivhaus-triple-glazing-smallMeeting thePassive House standard requires high performance windows with insulated frames. Although they may look the same as normal windows, these windows will do a much better job at keeping you warm and preventing condensation. They reduce the heat load of the building and improve comfort.

  • The Bow Tie Method

    mikemassaro-4846Our many years experience building Passive House designs ensures we offer the best in economy and buildability.

    We employ fifty builders across seven teams and all have worked on Passive House or low energy projects before. Most of them have proven air-tightness skills. We offer regular internal training to help them upskill and there are toolbox talks during all projects when new techniques are developed and applied. Please see Our Team to learn about our employees’ skills.

    We always start projects with all the necessary tapes and membranes on site. We use Proclima airtightness materials as we have found them to be cost-effective and all our team-members know them well.

    Our team members have rare skills in getting old sash windows refurbished and draught proofed to very high standards. We can refurbish shutter boxes and have worked with vacuum glass. Please see examples of this in Bloomsbury.

    Checking airtightness prior to official pressure tests is essential and for this we have our own fan. This drives up build quality and saves our client’s money. Every project is planned so that the building is tested prior to any boarding, finishing or services installation. This allows us to check the airtight envelope a number of times during the construction process, helping us to achieve a good final result and preventing nasty, costly surprises late in the build.

    All of our heating and electrical engineers and installers have worked on Passive House projects. They are aware of the importance of the airtight layer and will not punch holes in it and cover them up to speed up their work.

    We are one of very few Green Building Store approved MVHR installers. This was a result of inspections of our installations that were found to be of the highest standard. GBS introduce us to all their London clients and recommend that we install their systems.

    We offer Loxone Smart Home systems to integrate services, MVHR and more in a single easy to use interface that can be controlled from a custom Smartphone app.

    We feel that good communication between architects, clients, project administration and builders on site is essential to delivering successful high quality builds. We have embraced cloud technology and use an integrated project management system to ensure that all drawings, information and updates are immediately available to all parties 24/7. Please see our Cloud-Based Project Management page to learn more.

Our Recent Projects

  • “Bow Tie Construction were very professional, they did things to a very high standard and paid a lot of attention to detail. When small issues were flagged here or there they were always keen to investigate and fix them.”
    — Francis M
  • “We’re expecting a dramatic reduction in costs. We now know how much energy we’ve used (in March) and we rarely have the heating on compared to this time last year in our old house.”
    — Toni M
  • Your guys did a very good job on the [window] installation, nice and precise and the assemblies fitted perfectly....Very good silicon application too, with a nice 5mm joint. So please do thank them on behalf of Cristina and myself. We are very pleased.
    — Stephen M
  • "We’re really lucky to have them Bow Tie Construction working on our project. Thanks for all your fantastic work so far."
    — Nick H
  • "I’ve been very pleased with how Bow Tie have got on with the work."
    — Justin Bere